HEBR 221: Readings in OT Narrative - Samuel, Fall 2003.  SYLLABUS.         RJDKnauth
Class time:  M/W 2:15-4:00 pm, D-320.  Office hours MWF 4-5pm, T/Th 3-5pm, D-320.
 Telephone: (570) 321-4298 (xGAYT); home: (570) 326-3822 (h).  Email: knauth@lycoming.edu

A critical reading of the Hebrew text of selected narrative portions of the Old Testament with special attention being given to exegetical questions.  This semester, in anticipation of the spring REL337 seminar on David, we will be focusing on the book of Samuel.  The purpose of this course will be to develop and practice your ability to read and understand biblical Hebrew narrative, as found in the book of Exodus.  We will continue to develop a basic working vocabulary with a goal of mastering words occurring 50 times or more in the Hebrew Bible (section 4 in Mitchel).  We will also discuss unusual points of grammar that come up in the readings, and become familiar with the standard research tools and references for biblical Hebrew language and grammar.  Finally, as time permits, we will discuss larger issues of theology, historical background and scholarly criticism in relation to the book of Samuel with a standard exegetical approach.  Samuel is an extremely rich book, with a wide variety of types of text and themes which were pivotal for the early national history of Israel.  Starting with the book of Samuel, we can come to a much deeper understanding of the Old Testament generally.  Any student with a minimum of 1 yr of Biblical Hebrew may register for this course (prerequisite HEBR 102 or equivalent).

Textbooks:  Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (BHS
Mitchel, Vocabulary for Biblical Hebrew (you may also find Vocabulary Cards helpful)

Recommended: Robert Alter, The David Story (translation/commentary - New York: Norton, 1999)

Indispensable References (available in library, but worth purchasing):
                    Kittel, Biblical Hebrew (available with audio cassette and answer key)
                    Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar, Gesenius, Kautzsch and Cowley (GKC)
       (other Hebrew grammars you may consult in my office: Jouon, Waltke, Williamson, Lambdin)
                    Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon (BDB)
                    A Readerís Hebrew-English Lexicon..., Armstrong, Busby and Carr (ABC)
                    NIV Interlinear Old Testament or Hendricksonís Interlinear Bible
                    Englishmanís Hebrew Concordance
                    New American Standard Exhaustive Concordance (w/ "Strong" numbers)   
                    The Bible (any English version, complete)

Other useful references (available in the library):
                    Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture, Brevard Childs
                    Understanding the Old Testament, Bernhard Anderson
                    Who Wrote the Bible?, Richard Friedman (on reserve)

                    Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible, Emanuel Tov (in my office)
                    The Anchor Bible Dictionary
                    Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible
            These will point the reader to further useful bibliography.

  Course Requirements:

1)       Attendance and Participation, readings having been prepared: 10% of final grade.
Each set of 3 absences and/or lack of preparedness lowers your final grade by 1%. 

2)   Reading logs should be prepared for the readings for each session.  Logs will be spot-checked, discussed in class, and collected en mass at the conclusion of the course: 10 % of final grade.  They will be evaluated on a "good faith effort" basis.

3)       Weekly Vocabulary Quizzes (usually at the beginning of class on Wednesdays).
15 quizzes, worth 15 % of final grade.

4)      Three Translation Tests: worth 10% each for a total 30 % of final grade.

5)   Five Short Research Assignments (due in class): 15 % of final grade.

6)   Research Project incorporating substantive linguistic issues: 20% of final grade. 

Schedule of Classes:            

Week 1:  Grammar Review, Introduction to BHS critical notes.  Vocabulary Review. 
  Review major points of grammar for verbs.  Review Vocab in Kittel.
T  (Aug. 26)- Reading Prose vs. Poetry.  Prepare Psalms 24, 100.  Introduce BHS critical notes.
    Review "Reading Log;" introduce Grammars (GKC, Waltke, Williamson); discuss "Word Study."
Th (Aug. 28)- Review major points of grammar.

Week 2:  The Birth Narrative and Call of Samuel   
  Read 1Samuel 1-3.
Review Vocabulary in Mitchel Section 1(A-D). 
  Issues: Prose/Poetry, archaic grammatical forms, word-plays with "Saul"
T  (Sept. 2)- Begin reading 1Samuel 1-2Vocab Review Quiz #251-415 from Kittel.
Th (Sept. 4)- Prepare 1Sam 3.
 Quiz 1 on Vocab (>500): Mitchel Section 1A-D.
Research Assignment 1:  Do a "word-study" on zakar (1Sam 1:19).

Week 3:  Ark Narrative  
  Read 1Sam 4-7.
  Review Vocabulary 2A-E (>200). 
  Issues: Theological Polemic, Miniature Exile, Textual Difficulties.
M (Sept. 8)- Prepare 1Sam 4-5
W (Sept. 10)- Prepare 1Sam 6
Quiz 2 on Vocab 2A-E. 
Discuss issues of textual criticism, introduce BHS apparatus.  In-class Exercise.

Week 4:  Asking For a King and Introducing Saul
  Read 1Sam 8-12.  Compare Deut 17.  
Review Vocabulary 3A-G (>100). 
  Issues: Anti-Kingship polemic in an "apology" document, character of Saul.
M (Sept. 15)- Prepare 1Sam 8, 12.
W (Sept. 17)- Prepare 1Sam 9-11.  
Quiz 3 on Vocab 3A-G.
Research Asst 2:  List 6 ways in which Saul's character is developed in 1Sam 9-11.

Week 5:  Rejection of Saul, Enter Jonathan.  Translation Test 1.  
  Read 1Sam 13-15.
Learn Mitchel Vocabulary 4A. 
(Sept. 22)- Prepare 1Sam 13, 15.  
W (Sept. 24)- Prepare 1Sam 14.  
Translation Test 1 on 1Sam 1-15. Quiz 4 on Vocab 4A.

Week 6:  Introducing David
  Read 1Sam 16-17, plus 1Sam 21:8-9, 2Sam 21:15-22 and 1Chron 20:4-8. 
Learn Mitchel Vocabulary 4B.
  Issues: Development of David's character; duplicate introductions.

M (Sept. 29)- 
Prepare 1Sam 16.   
W (Oct. 1)- 
Prepare 1Sam 17.  Discuss Research Asst. 3. Quiz 5 on Vocab 4B.
    Research Asst 3:  Note the apparent contradictions in the introduction-of-David texts.
                        Are there any linguistic clues that would suggest distinct sources here?

Week 7:  Michal and Jonathan 
  Read 1Sam 18-20.
  Learn Mitchel Vocabulary 4C. 
Saul's children siding with David as political propaganda?
M (Oct. 6)- 
Prepare 1Sam 18-19 (Michal)
W (Oct. 8)-
 Prepare 1Sam 20 (Jonathan).  Quiz 6 on Vocab 4C.
    Begin work on Research Project.  Find a Topic (this will be the hardest part)!

Week 8:  Jealousy, Pursuit, and David's "Innocence"  
  Read 1Sam 21-26, 28.
Learn Mitchel Vocabulary 4D. 
Justification for Nob Execution?  Duplicate Stories of Sparing Saul. Abigail. Necromancy Works.
M (Oct. 13)- 
Prepare 1Sam 21-22 (Nob).
    Research Asst 4:  Was David guilty of rebellion or not?  How do you decide?
W (Oct. 15)- 
Prepare 1Sam 25 (Abigail); 1Sam 28 (Witch of Endor).  Quiz 7 on 4D.

Week 9:  Consorting with the Philistine Enemy - Innocence in Saul's Death  
1Sam 27, 29-31, 2Sam 1.
  Learn Mitchel Vocabulary 4E.
Regicide or Suicide? Establishing David's Innocence.
M (Oct. 20)- 
Prepare end of 1Sam 27 (duplicity w/ Philistines), 1Sam 31, 2Sam 1 (Saul's Death).   
    Research Asst 5:  Was Saul's death more likely to be Regicide or Suicide?  Why?
W (Oct. 22)-  
Quiz 8 on 4E. Translation Test 2 on 1Sam 16-31, 2Sam 1. 

Week 10:  The Davidic Covenant, Establishing Davidic Kingship
2Sam 2-10.  
Learn Mitchel Vocabulary 4F.
Ark Narrative Continued, Dispute over Temple, Nature of Davidic Covenant 
M (Oct. 27)- 
Prepare 2Sam 3:6 - 5:12 
W (Oct. 29)- 
Prepare 2Sam 6-7.  Quiz 9 on Vocab 4F.

Week 11:   David's Fall 
Read 2Sam 11-14. 
  Learn Mitchel Vocabulary 4G. 
  Issues:  Children punished for sins of father?
M (Nov. 3)-  Prepare 2Sam 11-12.
W (Nov. 5)-  Prepare 2Sam 13-14.  Quiz 10 on 4G.

    Research Project Proposal Due!

Week 12:  Absalom's Rebellion
  Read 2Sam 15-19.  
Learn Mitchel Vocabulary 4H. 
 Chiastic structure.  Positive/Negative view of David.
(Nov. 10)- Prepare 2Sam 15-16
W (Nov. 12)- Prepare 2Sam 18-19
Quiz 11 on Vocab 4H.  

Week 13:  Trusting God's Punishment.  Library Research Session, Special Problems (i.e. for Paper).
  Read 2Sam 20-24.
  Learn Mitchel Vocabulary 4I.
Review Vocabulary 4A-I.   
  Issues:  Establishment of Temple.
(Nov. 17)-  Prepare 2Sam 24. 
Library Research Session.   
W (Nov. 19)-
Bring research problems or read Samuel excerpts cold. Vocab Drill 4A-I. Quiz 12 on 4I. 

Week 14:  Translation Test 3.  Thanksgiving Break.   
    Learn Vocabulary 4J.  Review Vocabulary 4A-J for special quiz.
M (Nov. 24) -  Translation Test 3 on 2nd Samuel. 
 Quiz 13 on 4J.
W (Nov. 26) - 
*Thanksgiving, No Class.*  Review Vocabulary!!!!!
    Research Project Due Monday Dec. 1!

Week 15:  Major Themes, Research Project.  
Learn Vocabulary 4K.  Review Mitchel Section 4 Vocabulary (4A-K).
M (Dec. 1)- Discuss research project, major themes of book.
Quiz 14 on 4A-J cum.
W (Dec. 3)- Read chosen passages from Samuel (whatever you want to prepare).** 
Quiz 15 on 4K.

**"Reading Logs" should be prepared for each class session according to instructions in the syllabus saying "Prepare 1Sam __:__" (generally 3-4 pgs in BHS per session).  In preparing the text, you may use any tools you like, including Grammars, Lexicons/Dictionaries, Childs' commentary, English versions, etc.  When reading in class, plan to use only the plain Hebrew text from BHS, plus ABC, plus your reading log.  Your reading log should include any points of grammar (e.g. verb analysis/parsing, suffixes, etc.) that were not immediately obvious to you, and a basic English definition for any Hebrew word that you looked up in the lexicon.  Be prepared to discuss these in class.  You need not include words already in ABC unless you felt it necessary to look them up in BDB as well in order to get a better sense of their meaning.  You may also note any grammatical constructions which you find to be unusual or especially interesting.  The majority of most class sessions will be spent reading the biblical text with the aid of these reading logs, and discussing the points of grammar that you found to be difficult and have therefore noted in your logs.  Please note that the ideal reading log would (eventually) be largely empty because your familiarity with the vocabulary (not including that in ABC) and grammar would allow you to read the text competently with minimal outside aids.  In this case your log would consist only of those forms which are especially unusual or interesting, as you will find noted in GKC and other reference Grammars.  Please do not write reams and reams.  Less is better.  Do NOT write out your English translation of the verse.  The Logs will be collected en mass at the end of the semester and will be counted for 10% of your final grade on a "good faith effort" basis.

**Short Research Assignments should not exceed 1 page.  They will be due Wednesdays in class and will be discussed at that time.

**Research Project will be due on Monday in the mailbox outside the instructor's office door (D-320), and should not exceed 6 pages. 

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